French For Beginners
par Olivier Malet

 

Chapter Twenty-Seven

 

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28

 

 

 

TYPE I VERBS WITH A CHANGE OF STEM

A vowel change in the stem of a verb is a phenomenon that occurs both in English and French. Sometimes there is a change in the spelling: I see - I saw. Sometimes there isn’t: I read - I read (past tense)

In French a vowel change in the stem occurs when the ending is mute:

Stop! Arrêtez! (fam) Arrête!

There is no change in the spelling for this verb but in the familiar form the vowel ê is open (as in è) but in the polite form ‘arrêtez’ ê is pronounced as if it was spelt ‘é’.

In the verb ‘Répétez’ (Repeat) there is a vowel change in the spelling as well:

Répétez (fam) Répète

We still have 3 oral forms (Familiar, Polite and Inclusive) but the é is changed to è when the endings are mute. Therefore we have:

Je répète I repeat; I’m repeating

Tu répètes you repeat

Il, elle répète he/she repeats

Ils, elles répètent they repeat

The endings –e, -es, ent are silent

For nous & vous the endings are not mute, therefore there is no vowel change in the stem:

Nous répétons We repeat

Vous répétez You repeat

TYPE I VERBS with a spell change:

Complétez! Complète! (é becomes è) Complete!

Achetez! Achète! (e becomes è) Buy!

Appelez! Appelle! (the letter ‘l’ is doubled) Call!

> Translate into French.

- Don’t buy that! (fam) - N’achète pas ça!

- Call me! (fam) - Appelle-moi!

- Repeat that! (fam) - Répète ça!

- I’m calling now! - J’appelle maintenant!

- Complete everything! (fam) - Complète tout!

 

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