TYPE I VERBS WITH A CHANGE OF STEM
A vowel change in the stem of a verb is a phenomenon that occurs both in English and French. Sometimes there is a change in the spelling: I see - I saw. Sometimes there isn’t: I read - I read (past tense)
In French a vowel change in the stem occurs when the ending is mute:
Stop! Arrêtez! (fam) Arrête!
There is no change in the spelling for this verb but in the familiar form the vowel ê is open (as in è) but in the polite form ‘arrêtez’ ê is pronounced as if it was spelt ‘é’.
In the verb ‘Répétez’ (Repeat) there is a vowel change in the spelling as well:
Répétez (fam) Répète
We still have 3 oral forms (Familiar, Polite and Inclusive) but the é is changed to è when the endings are mute. Therefore we have:
Je répète I repeat; I’m repeating
Tu répètes you repeat
Il, elle répète he/she repeats
Ils, elles répètent they repeat
The endings –e, -es, ent are silent
For nous & vous the endings are not mute, therefore there is no vowel change in the stem:
Nous répétons We repeat
Vous répétez You repeat
TYPE I VERBS with a spell change:
Complétez! Complète! (é becomes è) Complete!
Achetez! Achète! (e becomes è) Buy!
Appelez! Appelle! (the letter ‘l’ is doubled) Call!
> Translate into French.
- Don’t buy that! (fam) - N’achète pas ça!
- Call me! (fam) - Appelle-moi!
- Repeat that! (fam) - Répète ça!
- I’m calling now! - J’appelle maintenant!
- Complete everything! (fam) - Complète tout!