French For Beginners
par Olivier Malet

 

Chapter Sixteen

 

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28

 

 

 

MORE TYPE 2 VERBS…

> The verb ‘Répondez’ is a type 2 verb adding the consonant ‘d’ for the plural

Je réponds : I answer / I am answering
Tu réponds : You answer
Il, elle répond : He, she answers

Nous répondons : We answer
Vous répondez : You answer
Ils, elles répondent : They answer

You have probably noticed that the ‘-t’ ending is not there for the personal pronouns Il and elle.

This is due to a spelling rule: a ‘d’ cannot be followed by a ‘t’ therefore the ‘t’ is omitted if the stem of the verb ends with a ‘d’. It also seems that the verb has only one stem: répond. But if this is true in writing, orally we have two stems; one, for the singular where the ‘–d’ is silent, one for the plural when it is heard.

> Here are verbs following the same pattern as ‘répondez’

Attendez! Attends! : Wait!
Descendez! Descends! : Go downstairs! Get off (a car, a train…)
Entendez! Entends! : Hear!
Vendez! Vends! : Sell!
Perdez! Perds! : Lose!

> Translate orally in French :

  • You don’t hear well. Vous n’entendez pas bien.
  • Get off now! Descendez maintenant!
  • Don’t lose! (fam) Ne perds pas!
  • I don’t sell a lot! Je ne vends pas beaucoup!
  • Wait here! Attendez ici!
  • They sell everything! Ils vendent tout!
  • I hear everything! J’entends tout!
  • Answer now! (fam) Réponds maintenant!
  • Don’t go downstairs!(fam) Ne descends pas!
  • I’m losing everything! Je perds tout!

 

previous | next

 

French at HKU
copyright 2006-Olivier Malet - All rights reserved
The University of Hong Kong