French For Beginners
par Olivier Malet

 

Chapter Fifteen

 

Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Chapter 5
Chapter 6
Chapter 7
Chapter 8
Chapter 9
Chapter 10
Chapter 11
Chapter 12
Chapter 13
Chapter 14
Chapter 15
Chapter 16
Chapter 17
Chapter 18
Chapter 19
Chapter 20
Chapter 21
Chapter 22
Chapter 23
Chapter 24
Chapter 25
Chapter 26
Chapter 27
Chapter 28

 

 

TYPE 2 VERBS

> These verbs have 4 oral forms, they distinguish the singular from the plural by adding a consonant.

familiar form : Écris! Write!
polite form : Écrivez! Write!
inclusive form : Écrivons! : Let’s write!

For the singular the oral form of the familiar form is used: Écris!

J’ écris : I write / I am writing
Tu écris : You write / You are writing
Il, Elle écrit : He, she writes / He, she is writing

Note that t he written endings are different :

The ending is ‘-s’ for the personal pronouns je and tu and the ending ‘-t’ is used for the personal pronouns il & elle. However they are silent endings.

Plural forms :

Nous écrivons : We write / We are writing
Vous écrivez : You write / You are writing
Ils, elles écrivent : They write / They are writing

 

> Here are the TYPE 2 VERBS we’ve seen so far:

TYPE II VERBS

Écrivons!

Écrivez!

Écris!

Write

Lisons!

Lisez!

Lis!

Read

Répondons!

Répondez!

Réponds!

Answer

Sortons!

Sortez!

Sors!

Go out

 

ADVERBES

Adverbs are modifiers, they modify the meaning of the verb; they do not change their spelling and somehow they are always placed right after the verb they modify.

> Listen & Learn!

rarement (rarely)
bien (well)
ici (here)
beaucoup (a lot)
trop (too much)
vite (fast/quickly)
parfois (sometimes)
mal (badly)
(there)
peu (a little)
trop peu (too little)
lentement (slowly)
souvent (often)
ensemble (together)
là-bas (over there)
tout (everything)
très (very)
tout de suite (right away)

> Listen to the following sentences and translate them orally:

  1. Elles sortent souvent. They (f) often go out
  2. Vous répondez bien. You answer well.
  3. Nous lisons beaucoup. We read a lot.
  4. Tu écris mal. You write badly.
  5. Je lis beaucoup. I read a lot.
  6. Nous sortons ensemble. We go out together.
  7. Tu ne sors pas souvent! You don’t go out often!

 

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French at HKU
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